The rationale of the Kuruwitu Co-management Plan is to enable the BMU to develop focused and targeted management actions in their area of operations as one of the requirements under the Fisheries (BMU) Regulation of 2020.

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The Kuruwitu
Co-management plan

Oceans Alive has driven the Kuruwitu Collaborative Management Plan over the line having followed a designated strategy involving all the stakeholders in delivering what is the first Co-Management Plan supporting a seascape of 150 sq km under the new national guidelines. The plan specifies fisheries management actions and measures that are to be taken by the BMU to ensure the sustainable use of fisheries and marine resources, including the protection and conservation of ecosystems such as corals and seagrass beds and the promotion of legal and environmentally friendly fishing gear to allow recovery of fish populations and other organisms.


The development of the plan also links with national programs such as Kenya’s Vision 2030 as well as the various policy and legislative reviews to promote local communities and resource users’ participation in resource management, conservation, and protection of biodiversity.

The Kuruwitu CMA plan establishes the necessary institutional processes required to ensure the sustainable management of the fishery. The Kuruwitu CMA Plan will act as a template for all other Co-management plans on the Kenya Coast and a major step forward in the protection of the marine ecosystem protection and the improvements in the livelihoods that rely on them.

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The Kuruwitu Co-management plan has been developed with the overall aim to develop focused and targeted management measures that are to be taken by the BMU in collaboration with the County government to ensure sustainable utilisation of fisheries as per the requirements of the Fisheries Management and Development Act of 2016. The plan highlights priority issues of marine and coastal natural resources management including land use, fisheries, forestry, biodiversity, environmental degradation, pollution and community welfare in the area and details a plan on how to address these within a 5 year period (2021-2025).
The plan has been developed through an exhaustive consultative process, with the engagement of various stakeholders.  We followed 6 main objectives namely;


  • Strengthen monitoring, control, and surveillance of the Kuruwitu Co-Management Area,

  • Promote conservation and protection of critical habitats, endangered, threatened, and protected species within the Kuruwitu Co-management Area,

  • Support mainstreaming of gender issues for sustainable management of marine and coastal resources within the Kuruwitu Co-management Area,

  • Promote marine and land-based sustainable livelihoods enhancement and diversification for the local communities

  • Build the capacity of the Kuruwitu Beach Management Unit (KBMU) to manage the marine resources within the Co-Management Area and;

  • Raise awareness and disseminate information to regulate the use of the marine and coastal resources within the Kuruwitu Co-Management Area and Management Plan.

The Co-Management Plan provides a roadmap to help the Kuruwitu community and partners meet these objectives and manage their marine and coastal resources sustainably. The plan is a working document, a 5-year rolling plan that not only guides the management of the area but will also serve as a vehicle to convey information about the Co-management area to others, to help the Kuruwitu BMU meet legal requirements under the relevant laws of Kenya and also act as a prioritization document for decision-makers and donors.